How Stone Masonry Creates a Wonder to Your House?
is defined as the art or the technique of shaping the stones in geometrical
order and applying mortar to stick them together to give them a definite
structure. Stone masonry existed since early ages when the civilization learnt the
first use of the tools. It is used to create buildings, monuments, sculpture and
many more. Now-a-days, stone masonry is highly used to generate houses and walls,
where hard and soft stones are laid in order to give an artistic look. The stone
structures are generally built by the professional stone masons using concrete blocks,
slabs and other materials to make it strong and endurable.
Types of stone used for masonry
masonry can be done using natural stones as well as artificial stones depending
on the cost one wants to pay for their houses. The natural stones used are described
stones- The igneous rocks vary as some are soft while some are hard. Among all the
igneous stone use, granite is one of the hardest stones and requires smarter techniques
to cut and reshape them to build walls and buildings. Due to its hard surface, only
simple moldings can be carved into its surface. In addition to this, pumice, scoria
and basalt are some other igneous stones that are used for the similar purpose.
stones- The sedimentary stones are most common in use and have been used in numerous
buildings to make it look like a standout structure. For masonry work, limestone
and sandstone are the two famous stones that are used. Bath, Portland stone, Yorkstone
and Sydney standstone are the other varieties of limestone and sandstone that can
be used to generate buildings and roads.
stones- Marble is the most favorable stone that is used for carving out structures.
Due to its fine structure, it is easy to work with. Found in varieties of colors,
people can produce a beautiful work with the blend of different colors. Apart from
marble, slate is also becoming a popular choice for the masonry work.
What are the tools used for the stone masonry purpose?
masonry requires a different range of tools including mallet, chisel, metal straight
edge, hammer, nippers to give the stones a shape of definite blocks and slabs. These
tools are used to provide a flat surface to the rocks and giving a smooth finish
to the stones. The chisels come in various sizes and shapes and perform different
functions. They are basically used to remove the sharp edges and the extra materials
from the rocks giving it a plain and smooth touch.
from this, mortar mixture is another important tool that comprises of a rotating
drum and paddles that is used to mix the mortars. Masonry trowel comes into function
while laying the stones with mortals. The trowel is used to attach two stones
and fix them in the definite place. The gaps between the two stones can be filled
using tuck pointers, pointing trowels and margin trowels.
hammer comes in two shapes commonly called as punch hammer and catchy hammer. The
punch hammer has a long, thin head generally used with a chisel to break the stones.
On the other hand, the catchy hammer is used for the similar reason with a chisel
producing extra remains of the stone. To save time and money, technology has brought
powerful tools like air chisels, abrasive spinners, angle grinders and much more.
What to look for before hiring a stone mason?
appointing any stone mason, check for their qualification and years of experience.
They must possess a license to work and must have received an appropriate training
to use the tools in the correct order. In addition to this, the masons must have
the knowledge of various designs and the techniques require to cut and reshape the
blocks of stone. While working with granite, the experts know the design can only
be sculpted out with great persistence and determination.
the other hand, the soft stones are faster and easier to work with. Apart from the
masonry, they must have a brief understanding about the architects and the design
that might look good on the wall, roofs, kitchen bench tops, slabs and others. The
price is another factor that is taken into consideration as it differs for different
structures. Prior to the beginning of the work, it is essential to look for some
of their samples and previous work so that you must get a satisfactory output at
the end. The stone masons are equally talented in building retaining walls, fireplaces,
staircases, barbecues, chimneys and much more.
About the professional training
stone masons need to serve an internship of seven years but with the modern
educational process, the apprenticeship last for three years. During these
years of learning, the candidates are exposed to on-site work, making them
learn practically and theoretically. In some states, the college courses take heed
in introducing their students to the manual skills as well as relevant field work
in the construction site.
workshops are the favorable places where the students can receive their practical
training about stone masonry. A stone mason pursuer must be physically fit and has
the ability to coordinate his hand and eye movement. He should not possess any fear
while working at heights and requires to have a fair knowledge of mathematics
and counting. The training programs develop and sharpen the skills of the candidates
and make them professional stone masons.
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